Browse Journal Highlights
Sea level rising faster now than during 1990s, new study shows
Blog— Global mean sea level is rising 25 percent faster now than it did during the late 20th century largely due to increased melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet, a new study shows. Satellites first started measuring sea level rise in 1993. The new study revisits how well these measurements agree with.... more
Signals of 660-km topography and harzburgite enrichment in seismic images of whole-mantle upwellings
Editor’s Highlight— This paper presents an interesting interplay between seismology and mineral physics through examining an interesting feature seen in a global shear velocity tomography model beneath the Samoa ‘hotspot’. Slow shear velocities are seen from the core mantle boundary to near the surface.... more
Study finds pond expansion a significant factor in loss of Mississippi delta land
Blog— Wind-driven expansion of marsh ponds on the Mississippi River Delta is a significant factor in the loss of crucial land in the Delta region, according to new research. The study found 17 percent of land loss in the area resulted from pond expansion, much of it caused by waves that eroded away.... more
Improved Moving Window Cross-Spectral Analysis for Resolving Large Temporal Seismic Velocity Changes in Permafrost
Editor’s Highlight— This paper describes the use of noise-based seismic monitoring to study seasonal changes in the seismic properties of permafrost. This work has broader applicability in polar science. Monitoring in the polar regions at high spatial and temporal scales is of great interest, and in.... more
New study ranks hazardous asteroid effects from least to most destructive
Press— If an asteroid struck Earth, which of its effects—scorching heat, flying debris, towering tsunamis—would claim the most lives? A new study has the answer: violent winds and shock waves are the most dangerous effects produced by Earth-impacting asteroids. The study explored seven effects associated.... more
Why can we see and hear meteors at the same time?
Blog— Light travels nearly a million times faster than sound. But for thousands of years, humans have reported hearing some meteors as they pass overhead, puzzling scientists for decades. Now, a new study puts forth a simple explanation for the phenomenon: the sound waves aren’t coming from the meteor.... more
Mercury’s craters offer clues to planet’s contraction
Blog— Mercury’s cratered surface, like the moon, tells a story of bombardment that goes back billions of years. Now scientists have used this history of impacts to determine when and at what rate Mercury cooled down after its formation and shrank to its present size…more more
Arctic river ice deposits rapidly disappearing
Press Release— Climate change is causing thick ice deposits that form along Arctic rivers to melt nearly a month earlier than they did 15 years ago, a new study finds. River icings form when Arctic groundwater reaches the surface and solidifies on top of frozen rivers. They grow throughout the winter.... more
Can tree planting really help mitigate climate change?
From Eos.org: Research Spotlights— It depends on where, when, and how. For centuries, nature enthusiasts around the world have hosted events to plant and care for trees. At the first U.S. Arbor Day, held in 1872, Nebraska residents planted an estimated 1 million trees. In more recent years, some groups.... more
What Happens When Ocean Eddies Hit a Wall?
Editors’ Highlight—Observing subsurface changes of two anticyclonic eddies passing over the Izu-Ogasawara Ridge This study examines how submarine ridges create subsurface changes to ocean eddies. Looking specifically at two anticyclonic eddies in the North Pacific that migrate westward and encounter.... more
- Sea level rising faster now than during 1990s, new study shows
- Signals of 660-km topography and harzburgite enrichment in seismic images of whole-mantle upwellings
- Study finds pond expansion a significant factor in loss of Mississippi delta land
- Improved Moving Window Cross-Spectral Analysis for Resolving Large Temporal Seismic Velocity Changes in Permafrost
Eos.org: Earth & Space Science News
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Featured Special Collection
The Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission has been performing particle and electromagnetic field measurements in the near-Earth environment since its launch in March 2015. Thanks to data with unprecedented time resolution on four identical spacecraft in a close tetrahedron configuration (down to 10 km), MMS science goals are to probe and understand the electron-scale physics involved in the magnetic reconnection process. This collection provides a selection of key results obtained during the first phase of the mission at the dayside magnetopause. It includes new observations of the geometry and variability of the reconnection process, the detailed dynamics of particles, fields and waves in the vicinity of the reconnection region, the observation of small-scale signatures at current sheets formed in the magnetosheath, in Kevlin-Helmholtz vortices, or flux transfer events, as well as other small-scale features which are by-products of magnetic reconnection or not. These results open a new window for our understanding of magnetic reconnection in space, with direct and numerous implications for astrophysical and laboratory plasmas.