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The Arctic has become the focus of many new
investigations and studies across a number of disciplines. In many
this research is integrating diverse new data sets, observations, and
modeling, and making connections among and across the
biosphere, oceans, atmospheres, space, and geophysical environments.
These papers include historical and new research on the Arctic
and represent the following AGU journals: Earth’s Future, Earth and
Space Science, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems (G-Cubed), Geophysical Research Letters, Global Biogeochemical
Cycles, JAMES (Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems), JGR:
Oceans, JGR: Atmospheres, JGR: Solid Earth, JGR: Space Physics,
JGR: Biogeosciences, JGR: Earth’s Surface, Reviews of Geophysics, Space Weather, and Water
- Cryosphere, Cryospheric change, Ice, Ice cores, Ice mechanics and air/sea/ice exchange processes, Ice sheets, Ices, Ocean science, Ocean/Earth/atmosphere/hydrosphere/cryosphere interactions, Arctic and Antarctic oceanography, Arctic region, Atmosphere, Cryobiology, Cryosol, Sea ice, Snow and ice, Permafrost, cryosphere, and high-latitude processes
This special section is devoted to the scientific description of the MPI-ESM, the Earth System Model developed by the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology. The MPI has a long history of developing high-quality coupled models. This newest generation of our coupled model is the first to systematically incorporate the carbon cycle and represent dynamic vegetation, but equally important is its improved representation of basic physical processes. The papers in this section present a description of the MPI-ESM, and an initial evaluation---including the development of several novel configurations and features.
- Climate change, Global change, Earth system modeling, Global climate models, Tropical convection, Coupled models of the climate system, Climate change and variability, Climate variability, Climate dynamics, Carbon cycling